11 Jul Colombia
48,000,000 – 28th largest in the world, the 2nd most populated in South America.
Bogotá: 7,594,000 – This city has the largest population in Colombia, is the 4th most populated in Latin America, and is ranked in the top 20 cities in the world. Its high altitude gives it the position as 3rd highest major city in the world, located on a remote mountain basin at 2,500 m (8,200 ft). Other major metro areas include Medellin (3.5 million), Cali (2.7 million), Barranquilla (1.8 million) and Cartagena (900,000)
440,831 square miles – Colombia is almost twice the size of Texas and approximately equal to the size of Spain, France and Portugal combined. It is the 4th largest in size, and is the only South American country with coastlines on both the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. Colombia shares its borders with Venezuela, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru and Panama. Three mighty north-south Andean cordilleras separate the western coastal lowlands from the almost empty eastern jungles, comprising 54 percent of Colombia’s land but only 3 percent of the people; approximately one percent of this population lives in the eastern jungles. Colombia is divided into 5 main regions in terms of climate and geography. These regions are known as the Pacific, the Andes, the Amazon, the Eastern Plains and the Caribbean. Each region is known for its unique geographical features. Pico Cristobal Colon is the highest mountain in Colombia and is the 5th most prominent peak in the world at 5,775 m (18,950 ft). Colombia also holds the distinction as one of the 17 most mega-diverse countries seen all over the world. This is because the Colombian territory consists of highlands as well as rainforests and tropical grasslands.
Colombia does not have any particular seasons, which is solely due to the fact that it lies close to the Equator. The country enjoys sunlight throughout the year. You can experience both the tropical heat on the coasts, or the snowfall in the mountainous areas.
Colombia also consists of the 2nd largest Spanish speaking population in the world (following Mexico), along with some isolated pockets where indigenous languages remain in use.
Colombia is an ethnic melting pot — 60% acknowledge that they have mixed Spanish/indigenous roots, 20% claim direct European descent, 18% are of Afro-Colombian origin, and 2% belong to indigenous communities. There are tiny Christian and Muslim Arab minorities, small and declining Jewish communities in the major cities, and a small group claiming Romany roots.
The cuisine of Colombia is as diverse as the culture of Colombia. The various food items here have been developed mainly due to the influences from Spain, Italy and France, along with American cuisine, Caribbean influences and the traditional style of the Native Americans.
Colombia is predominantly Roman Catholic (> 96%), with some evangelical (< 5%) influences in parts of the country.
93% in urban areas, 67% in rural areas
The Bogotá airport in Colombia is the largest and also the most expensive in Latin America. Colombia also has five cities with major shipping ports and ranks 6th in the world for total navigable rivers, canals, and other inland bodies of water.
Farmers raise world-renowned coffee on the Andean slopes, which supplies 12% of the world’s coffee. Other agricultural products include cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables, forest products, and shrimp.
Colombia sells much of the world’s emeralds and considerable amounts of gold, silver, and platinum, in addition to other natural resources like coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nickel and copper. Other significant industries include textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals and cement.
Refugees and internally displaced number between 1.8 and 4.5 million people due to the conflict between government and illegal armed groups and drug traffickers. Colombia still remains a key producer of illicit drugs in the world. Also, a recent report by the International Committee of the Red Cross confirmed that Colombia remains one of the most heavily mined countries in the world.